Working scientifically

Across all year groups scientific knowledge and skills should be learned by working scientifically. (This is documented in the Essentials for progress section.)


  • Look at the function of parts of flowering plants, requirements of growth, water transportation in plants, life cycles and seed dispersal.
Evolution and inheritance
  • Look at resemblance in offspring.
  • Look at changes in animals over time.
  • Look at adaptation to environments.
  • Look at differences in offspring.
  • Look at adaptation and evolution.
  • Look at changes to the human skeleton over time.
Animals and humans
  • Look at nutrition, transportation of water and nutrients in the body, the muscle and skeleton system of humans and animals.
  • Look at the digestive system in humans.
  • Look at teeth.
  • Look at the human circulatory system.
All living things
  • Identify and name plants and animals
  • Look at classification keys.
  • Look at the life cycle of animals and plants.
  • Look at classification of plants, animals and micro organisms.
  • Look at reproduction in plants and animals, and human growth and changes. • Look at the effect of diet and exercise and drugs.


Rocks and fossils
  • Compare and group rocks and describe the formation of fossils.



States of matter

  • Look at solids, liquids and gases, changes of state, evaporation, condensation and the water cycle.
  • Examine the properties of materials using various tests.
  • Look at solubility and recovering dissolved substances.
  • Separate mixtures.
  • Examine changes to materials that create new materials that are usually not reversible.


  • Look at sources, seeing, reflections and shadows.
  • Explain how light appears to travel in straight lines and how this affects seeing and shadows.
  • Look at sources, vibration, volume and pitch.
  • Look at appliances, circuits, lamps, switches, insulators and conductors. • Look at circuits, the effect of the voltage in cells and the resistance and
  • conductivity of materials.
Forces and magnets
  • Look at contact and distant forces, attraction and repulsion, comparing and grouping materials.
  • Look at poles, attraction and repulsion.
  • Look at the effect of gravity and drag forces.
  • Look at transference of forces in gears, pulleys, levers and springs.
Earth and space
  • Look at the movement of the Earth and the moon.
  • Explain day and night.